The region of Agadez is historically known as a major migration hub for sub-Saharan migrants. This large migratory flow increases the pressure on the region's already limited livelihoods and basic infrastructure, exacerbated by the effects of climate change, causing frustrations that increase community tensions. 

Moreover, since the adoption of Law No. 2015-36 criminalising the smuggling of migrants, the social and economic fabric of the region has been greatly disrupted. The economy generated by migratory flows represented the primary source of income for a majority of the population.

In this context, since 2016, IOM has been implementing the community stabilisation programme in the region of Agadez to support the resilience of host communities along the migration routes by strengthening social cohesion, livelihoods and access to public services.