For decades, IOM has been one of the global leaders in Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programmes, focusing primarily on the reintegration of former combatants into their communities. As conflict is considered to be one of the primary drivers of displacement, IOM is often called upon to assist in the DDR process. IOM’s role in DDR programmes is clearly defined by its mandate, which calls upon IOM to reintegrate migrants and displaced populations, including former combatants.
In recent years, Niger has faced increasing insecurity and instability caused by Violent Extremist Organizations (VEO) operating from within its borders and in neighboring countries. With long and often porous borders, the spillover effects of conflicts in Burkina Faso, Mali, Libya and Nigeria have put a heavy strain on the government and local populations.
IOM and the Government of Niger are currently implementing programmes with the aim of reintegrating former, detained or defected combatants into their communities. These programmes, in the regions of Diffa, Tahoua, Tillabéri and Zinder, aim to reduce the likelihood of a resurgence in violence while offering living alternatives to former combatants.